Standard FCI Cane Pastore del Caucaso
FCI Standard N° 328 / 02.03.2011
Caucasos Shepherd Dog Character
PUBBLICATION DATE OF STANDARD
USE: watchdog and vigilance
CLASSIFICATIONF.C.I.: Gruppo 2 Cani tipo Pinscher e Schnauzer Molossoidi e Bovari Svizzeri - Sezione 2.2 Molossoidi. Tipo cane da montagna - Senza prova di lavoro
It is thought that the Caucasian shepherd (CSD) is a breed that draws its origins from the ancient dogs of the Caucasus.
The breed is widespread in the territories that extend from the Caucasus chain to the steppe regions of Southern Russia.
The evolution of the breed was not only the result of natural selection but was also influenced by the peoples who inhabited the Caucasus Region.
Historically, the Caucasian Shepherd Dogs were used for the guard and to keep the herds, flocks and houses safe from the wild and predators. The first mention of a large molossoid used by the Armenian Tsar armor of the Armenian Tigran II dates back to the first century BC. The selection work on the breed began in the USSR in 1920, and in the selection process essential qualities such as physical power, self-confidence, lack of fear, very fine hearing, good eyesight, and a tight waterproof mantle were treated.
All these qualities, as well as resistance, make it possible to use the Caucasian Shepherd in all climatic conditions, including the most inclement.
The Caucasian Shepherd is a harmoniously built, large, strong dog with massive bone structure and a powerful muscular system; slightly rectangular.
Sexual dimorphism is well pronounced. The males are masculine, with well developed garrese and a head larger than that of the females. They are also more massive, thicker and often shorter in the female body.
In the subjects of the longer hair variety the males have a distinctly pronounced mane.
The length of the body exceeds the height at the withers of 3 - 8%. The length of the front limbs measures an average of 50 - 52% of the height at the withers. The length of the skull is the length of the snout as 3: 2:
Steady, active, self-confident behavior, fearless and independent. The Caucasian Shepherd shows a devoted attachment to his master; he is an excellent guard dog.
HEAD CRANIAL REGION:
the head is broad, massive, and wide at the cheekbones; seen from above has the shape of a wedge with a wide base
Skull: massive and broad; almost flat forehead, with marked but not deep metopic suture. Eyebrow arches developed but not protruding. Irrelevant occipital bone
Stop: perceptible but not clearly marked