Taking care of the Caucasian Shepherd's nutrition is very important to preserve his health. You do not need any special food, just take into account the basic rules, which apply to all breeds of dogs. We must remember that it is a dog and not a man, so if humans like to change at the table, the dog instead tends to be very routine. That's why, if you need to replace the food to the Caucasian Shepherd, you have to do it gradually, first to integrate a small part of the new food with the usual one, amount that will go up until there is no trace of food in the bowl usual.
It is good to do this practice, also to preserve the dog from digestive problems: many owners do not care, thinking that the animal does not notice the difference between one and the other. In part it is true, because the dog has few taste buds, but compensates with the sense of smell, so he will smell the dishes and then soon realize the difference. Even if the dog were to accept it without problems, the new food could cause disturbs to the digestive system, slightly serious in appearance, but extremely debilitating for the dog. If you buy a Caucasian Shepherd puppy yet, you have a chance to set the right eating habits easily. An adult dog will have already been used to a certain type of eating, you can try to change it using the method described above, but it will be difficult to replace ready-made meals available on the market with homemade delicacies.
The owners underestimate the healthy alternative of homemade dog meals, folding only on ready-made solutions, for convenience and habit thinking that alternating cans and crisps the dog is healthy. The foods made at the moment are far better than those prepared, even if someone objects that the crunches have all the substances that the dog needs. Moreover, we humans are also divided between those who eat only things prepared at home, those who can not cook and choose ready-made dishes, or eat both one and the other. A pet owner should try to get used to eating home-made meals, but also to ready meals, as long as they are prepared with natural ingredients, available from specialist stores. If you cook the dishes at home, it is very important to give them warm to the animal, as it appreciates a lot more than cold dishes, provided you do not serve them too hot; if the leftover food is stored in the refrigerator, it is better to take it out a few hours before use, in order to serve it to the dog at room temperature.
The dog is an omnivorous animal, but the balance of the various nutritional properties varies according to the size of the dog. The typical meal of a Caucasian Shepherd should be mainly meat, with a side of rice or well-cooked pasta and some vegetables, with a small addition of grated Grana cheese, or a little ricotta, to balance the contribution of football. Obviously, it would be advisable to give the Caucasian Shepherd some lean meat instead of red meat, but nothing happens if, for once, you want to make an exception to the rule, as long as it does not become a bad habit. If you want to reward the dog, you can give him a bone with confidence, as long as it is an ox and not the chicken or rabbit bones, very dangerous because too small, too crumbly and very dangerous because a small pointed part, if ingested, can pierce the intestine of the dog.If the dog is still a puppy, instead of cheese you can give a small amount of warm milk in a separate bowl, while adult dogs are advised to significantly reduce the portion of the liquid, dilute it a lot with water, or not give it at all , because in large doses can cause diarrhea and intestinal problems to the animal, which also happens with starches. To overcome this problem, just cook stewed pasta and rice. Many owners, but also many breeders, have the conviction that the dog is greedy of raw meat, so they give it to him without however taking into account the dangers involved. It is therefore a good idea to cook chicken and pork perfectly, to avoid the risk of parasites and bacteria, while for other meats you can try various types of cooking (with blood, well cooked or medium cooking). You can experiment with various cooking methods, but it is advisable not to give the dog fried or overcooked meat. However, it is good to leave a bowl of fresh water, especially if the animal has ingested dry food.
It can happen that the dog does not want to eat vegetables, which must be very cooked, steamed or boiled, to make them more digestible. To make them eat, you can sprinkle with meat broth (so the dish will remain hot and the dog will lick the broth, rich in vitamins), or you can finely chop and blend, always to mix them with food and accustom the dog to taste. The most suitable are the zucchini, when it is season, and carrots, but it is important that they are fresh.There are foods that the Caucasian Shepherd, like all dog breeds, should not take certain foods. Raw eggs are dangerous, because in the albumen are substances that lead the dog not to assimilate the vitamins, but can safely eat the yolk, both cooked and raw. The liver is a food that the Caucasian Shepherd loves particularly, a pity that he can not eat this food too often, because it can lead to a Vitamin A intoxication. Food bandits are grapes and raisins, garlic and onion, highly toxic; all the sweets, for the high sugar content, chocolate, even in small quantities, very poisonous for the dog (200 gr of extrafondente would kill a dog of 12 kg), the sausages too fat. Woe to give the Caucasian Shepherd alcohol, beer and wine. Seasoned cheeses can only be mixed with regular food in small quantities. The cheese must be treated more as a natural calcium supplement than as a food. It is not wrong to give the food advanced from the table to the Caucasian Shepherd, but pay attention to the type of food. From time to time, it is good to give the Caucasian Shepherd some unsalted dry fish, for the well-being of fur and teeth.
It is important to set times for meals, so that the dog does not take the habit of receiving food at all times. The adult specimens will have to eat 2-3 times a day, while the puppies may be 4-5 times, obviously reducing the portions. If you have only the slightest doubt, you can seek advice from the vet, who, if you find food shortages, will recommend a natural supplement, to shred and mix with food, to make it more palatable.